The reason why you experience tooth pain when biting down differs. It could be due to a cracked tooth, tooth decay, or periodontal disease. Most often, when we have a toothache, there’s this sensation of sharp pain that could be quite unbearable. One way to prevent tooth pain is by keeping your teeth healthy, however, because of lifestyle and unanticipated events, this experience could be hard to escape from.
Tooth Pain Causes
Toothache refers to the sharp pain that you feel around your tooth whenever you are biting down, chewing, or even when you are not eating anything at all. This could last for a short while or longer depending on the root cause of the discomfort. Nonetheless, it should not be disregarded as it could lead to serious dental problems.
This symptom may not be a matter of life and death but unexamined toothache might result in loss of a tooth due to tooth decay.
Here are the most common reasons why tooth pain occurs:
- Cracked tooth. This is the most common cause of tooth pain. A cracked tooth might take place due to dental trauma and result in a toothache. Broken dental crowns and tooth fillings might also cause tooth pain.
- Tooth decay. This happens when cavities start to build up on teeth and cause damage to its surface. It creates tiny holes in the teeth that often result in sensitivity and sharp pain when biting down.
- Periodontal disease. Gum disease refers to red and swollen gums. This causes extreme discomfort most especially if you are in the crucial stage.
- Headache. When you experience a cluster headache, you will also feel pain in your tooth. The main cause of cluster headache is still unidentified until now but it’s been proven to have a connection with a toothache.
- Sinus infection. Toothache follows due to the pressure caused by the fluid in the sinus. This can be relieved with decongestants and sinus infection medications.
- Heart attack. The heart may be way too far from the teeth but according to studies, the pain that you feel in your heart can scatter in the jaw.
- Drug abuse. Dentists say that too much methamphetamine causes sharp pain.
- Insufficient vitamin. Not having enough vitamin B12 has also lead to a toothache.
How Tooth Pain Feels
The pain that you could be feeling in your tooth is somewhat hard to describe. All you know is that it’s like a long-lasting agony and suffering that you had to endure. As a matter of fact, a toothache can make you feel other sorts of pain in different parts of your body.
You might feel the following symptoms:
- gum swelling
- fever (a common sign of infection)
- sting when biting down
- unbearable pain in the tooth
- tooth sensitivity to hot or cold food and drinks
- vibrating and surprising pain
We do not always refer to dentists when we experience a toothache particularly if the pain is tolerable. We rely on home remedies that somewhat can relieve the pain. Be that as it may, it is still important to consult a dentist to find out if the root cause is consequential.
Dental treatment includes tooth examination, x-ray, and physical test. During this procedure, your dentist will try to determine the cause of the pain and provide a solution to it. If the cause of your toothache is decay, you will be advised to undergo dental cleaning and tooth filling. On the other hand, a cracked tooth will be fixed by using a tooth filling or dental crown. You will also be prescribed anti-inflammatory drugs.
If the root cause of your tooth pain is associated with a sinus infection. You will be advised to take decongestants and anti sinus infection drugs. Severe cases might undergo a nasal operation.
A toothache caused by a heart attack, lung problems, and heart disease will be treated not by a dentist but by a doctor that specializes in the said illnesses.
If consulting a doctor is not possible as of the moment, you may opt to try these home remedies to help aid the pain and lessen the discomfort caused by toothache:
- Over the counter pain medication.
- Saltwater rinse. For this one, just pour a teaspoon of salt into a warm cup of water and dissolve. Gargle the solution while targetting the infected area.
- Hydrogen peroxide rinse.
- Warm peppermint tea bags. Let the tea bag dissolve in a hot water and let it sit for a few minutes. Apply the tea bag directly to the affected area while it’s still warm.
- Cold compress.
- Garlic. Garlic is known for having many medicinal uses. It can kill bacteria that cause toothache.
- Guava leaves. This may not be a popular remedy but guava leave has natural anti-inflammatory effects that can aid toothache. All organic, no harmful chemicals.
- Vanilla extract. Vanilla extract is composed of alcohol that can soothe a toothache. To use vanilla extract, just put a small amount of it in the affected area.
Although toothache is a common dental problem, there still some ways for you to avoid this unpleasant experience. Aside from proper oral care and hygiene, these are the few things that you can do to strengthen your teeth:
- Use oral products that are high in fluoride.
- Eat foods that are rich in minerals.
- Avoid refined sugar.
- Keep yourself hydrated
- Treat teeth clenching or grinding problems.
- Rinse your mouth after eating.